James Joyce was an Irish novelist, poet, and short-story writer who was one of the most influential and innovative writers of the 20th century. Born in Dublin in 1882, Joyce is best known for his landmark works “Ulysses” (1922) and “Finnegans Wake” (1939), which are widely considered to be among the greatest masterpieces of modernist literature. Throughout his career, Joyce experimented with language, form, and narrative, pushing the boundaries of conventional storytelling and creating works that are renowned for their complexity, their originality, and their insight into the human condition. His writing is characterized by its use of stream-of-consciousness, its incorporation of multiple languages and cultural references, and its exploration of themes such as identity, memory, and desire. Despite facing numerous challenges, including censorship, financial difficulties, and ill health, Joyce remained one of the most important and influential writers of his time, and his works continue to be widely read and studied by audiences around the world.