George Orwell, born Eric Arthur Blair, was an English novelist, essayist, and journalist who is best known for his novels “Animal Farm” (1945) and “1984” (1949). Born in 1903 in India, Orwell was a committed socialist who used his writing to critique totalitarianism, imperialism, and social injustice. He wrote about the harsh realities of life in the British Empire, and his experiences in the Spanish Civil War and World War II had a profound impact on his writing. Through his works, Orwell sought to expose the corrupting influence of power and to defend individual freedom and dignity. His writing is characterized by its simple, direct style, its biting social commentary, and its haunting visions of a future society in which freedom has been lost. Despite being written over 70 years ago, Orwell’s works remain relevant and widely read today, and his ideas continue to inspire and challenge audiences around the world.