Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish author and physician, best known for his detective stories featuring the character Sherlock Holmes. Born in Edinburgh in 1859, Doyle trained as a doctor before pursuing a career in writing. He published his first short story featuring Sherlock Holmes in 1887 and went on to write a total of 56 short stories and four novels centered around the famous detective. Doyle’s works have had a lasting impact on popular culture and have inspired countless adaptations and reinterpretations over the years. Despite his association with Sherlock Holmes, Doyle was a versatile writer who also wrote science fiction, historical novels, and plays. He passed away in 1930 at the age of 71.